With the constant development of technology, materials needed in creating the ever increasingly sophisticated equipment, machinery and gadgets are also getting more and more unique and complex. Minerals are required to make some items needed to power technology, such as lithium-ion batteries. These are found in smartphones, laptops and even electric cars as they are used to power up these devices, which turned into one of our necessities these days.
These batteries need some minerals to be made, and one of the largest battery component is the graphite anode. Graphite is made up of carbon, similar to diamond. However, these two minerals are different when it comes to their molecular structure, resulting in contrasting traits between the two.
Additionally, graphite materialises upon carbon’s exposure to heat and pressure. To produce the mineral, it must be subjected to approximately 750 degrees Celsius and an estimated pressure of 75,000 pounds per square inch.
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Source: International Business Times